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How to Become a Web Developer

What Tools do Web Developers Use?

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The basic tools involved in web development – sometimes called the cornerstone technologies of the internet – are the following programming languages:

  • HTML (Hypertext Markup Language)
  • CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
  • JavaScript

There are, however, a number of other programs used to facilitate the construction of sites that would otherwise have to be done “from scratch” by writing code. Content management systems (CMS) fall into this category, including:

  • WordPress
  • Joomla!
  • Drupal
  • TYPO3
  • Adobe Experience Manager

Developers can also count on a variety of web development software tools, including:

  • Sketch - A toolkit for digital designs
  • InVision Cloud - A leading digital product design platform
  • Sublime Text - A code editor to for advanced website design
  • Foundation - A family of front-end frameworks
  • Chrome DevTools - Tools from the popular browser that facilitate web development

Obviously, the tools you use depend on the work you do. Front-End Developers, for example, usually work with HTML, CSS, and JavaScript, as well as frameworks like React, Bootstrap, Backbone, AngularJS, and EmberJS.

Back-End Developers will typically use server-side languages, including PHP, Ruby, and Python, as well as tools like MySQL, Oracle, and Git.

There is, of course, no shortage of programming languages. BrainStation’s 2020 Digital Skills Survey asked Developers which programming languages they were currently using, and the vast majority of respondents cited JavaScript (80 percent), with SQL (47 percent), Python (35 percent), and Java (27 percent) coming in next on the list.

Respondents also cited JavaScript and Python as the most enjoyable languages to work with, which bodes well for their popularity in the future. They also identified C++, Java, and Python as being particularly useful with the expected growth of AI and machine learning, the internet-of-things, augmented reality, and blockchain.

What Are the Fastest Growing Programming Languages?

There’s no way to predict the future, but we can look at which languages are growing fastest. One way to do this is to compare search queries—a proxy for measuring which languages people are currently learning. Here are the languages that grew the fastest in use between 2018 and 2019:

  • Dart
  • Rust
  • HCL
  • Kotlin
  • TypeScript

As we know, technology changes quickly, which means Developers need to be continuously learning – they have to stay on top of new languages, tools, and trends.

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